- Dictator Porfirio Díaz Triggers a Revolution
- Short and Tragic Presidency of Francisco Madero
- Battle Against Victoriano Huerta
- Venustiano Carranza Wins Against Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata
- Post-War Power Struggles: The End of Almost Everyone
The Protagonists and Antagonists:
Presidential candidate of Anti-Re-electionist Party, Madero was arrested by Díaz. In jail, he wrote a call to Revolution. Escaping, he fled to the U.S. and called for the Revolution to begin Nov. 20, 1910. After the defeat of Díaz in 1911, Madero became President.
Pascual Orozco: Born Jan. 28, 1882, he was a wealthy mine owner in west-central Chihuahua (northern Mexico). Responding to Madero's call, he took leadership of irregular forces in Nov. 1910 and began attacking Federal Forces. He was immediately successful, taking control within two months of most of Chihuahua. After Díaz resigned in 1911, he rebelled against President Madero.
|Francisco "Pancho" Villa|
Plutarco Elías Calles
Lázaro Cárdenas del Río: Born May 21, 1895, one of eight children in a mestizo family in Jiquilpan, Michoacán (west-central Mexico), where his father owned a billiard hall. Upon the death of his father, Cárdenas at the age of 16 was his family's sole support. He worked as a tax collector, printer's devil, and jailkeeper. He had set his sights on becoming a teacher, but was drawn into the military after Victoriano Huerta overthrew President Francisco Madero in February 1913. At the age of 18, Cárdenas joined the Zapatistas, but Huerta's forces scattered the group. He escaped and moved north to serve with Álvaro Obregón and then Pancho Villa. When Villa was defeated by Obregón, Cárdenas joined the forces of Plutarco Elías Calles, who sent him on operations against Yaqui indigenous in Sonora and Zapatistas in Michoacán and Jalisco. He rose to a field command as general. In 1920, Cárdenas was appointed provisional governor of his home state of Michoacan.